World

 

A global perspective on the state of maternity care, statistics and laws, including global organizations and HRIC contacts.

Maternity Care

Still to be developed

Statistics

Demographics

  • Population: 7,095,217,980 (July 2013 est.)21

Birth Statistics

  • Birth Rate:  18.7 per 1,000 in 2014; 18.9 births per 1,000 population in 201322
  • Fertility Rate: 2.43 children born per woman in 2014; 2.45 children born per woman  in 2013 23
    • This rate results in about 255 worldwide births per minute or 4.3 births every second in 2013 and 201424
  • Global Cesarean Rates
  • Maternal Outcomes
    • Maternal Mortality:
      • Lifetime risk of  maternal death: 1 in 18025
      • Almost all maternal deaths (99%) occur in developing countries. More than half of these deaths occur in sub-Saharan Africa and almost one third occur in South Asia26.
      • In 2013: 289,000 deaths during pregnancy, childbirth and postpartum27.
        • The maternal mortality ratio in developing countries in 2013 is 230 per 100,000 live births versus 16 per 100,000 live births in developed countries. There are large disparities between countries, with few countries having extremely high maternal mortality ratios around 1000 per 100 000 live births. There are also large disparities within countries, between women with high and low income and between women living in rural and urban areas28.
      • In 2010: there was an estimated 287,000 maternal deaths, a rate of 210 per 100,000 live births (low and high estimates vary from 170 to 300 per 100,000 live births)29
      • In 1990, the maternal mortality rate was 400 per 100,000 or 543,000 deaths per year30
  • Newborn Outcomes
    • Neonatal Mortality (first 28 days following the birth): 40.3 per cent or 3.027 million deaths per year31;32;33
      • male: 39.39 deaths per 1,000 live births in 201334
      • female: 35.69 deaths per 1,000 live births in 201335Infant Mortality: 37.61 deaths per 1,000 live births in 2013[
    • Stillbirth Rate: 2.6 million babies are stillborn each year 36
    • Births by Gestational Age
      • Every year, an estimated 15 million babies are born preterm (before 37 completed weeks of gestation), and this number is rising 37
      • Over 1 million babies die annually from preterm birth complications (6)
      • Across 184 countries, the rate of preterm birth ranges from 5% to 18% of babies born38
  • Birth Providers
    • While levels of antenatal care have increased in many parts of the world during the past decade, only 46% of women in low-income countries benefit from skilled care during childbirth. This means that millions of births are not assisted by a midwife, a doctor or a trained nurse39.

Global Map Examples

Still a work in progress!


Global Law & Maternity Care

The legal systems of nearly all countries are generally modeled upon elements of five main types: civil law (including French law, the Napoleonic Code, Roman law, Roman-Dutch law, and Spanish law); common law (including United States law); customary law; mixed or pluralistic law; and religious law (including Islamic law); an additional type of legal system - international law - governs the conduct of independent nations in their relationships with one another (CIA, 2014).

RMC Charter - White Ribbon Alliance
 


Organizations

Are there existing organizations working for improvement of maternity care or rights issues around childbirth on a global level? If you have suggestions for global maternity organizations, please contact us


Contact HRiC

Contact us at
info@humanrightsinchildbirth.org


Although Human Rights in Childbirth (HRiC) endeavors to provide useful and accurate information, HRiC does not warrant the accuracy of the materials provided. Accordingly, this Web Site and its information are provided "AS IS" without warranty of any kind, express or implied, including but not limited to, the implied warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular use or purpose, or non-infringement. Some jurisdictions do not allow the exclusion of implied warranties, so the above exclusion may not apply to you.  We reserve the right to make improvements and/or changes in the format and/or content of the information contained on the Web Site without notice.This information is provided with the understanding that Human Rights in Childbirth and its coordinators and partners are not engaged in rendering legal or other professional services. If legal advice or other expert assistance is required, the services of a competent professional should be sought.


Global References

Citations

  1. CIA. (2014). World. Retrieved September 10, 2014, from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/countrytemplate_xx.html
  2. CIA. (2014). World. Retrieved September 10, 2014 and July 25, 2015, from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/countrytemplate_xx.html
  3. CIA. (2014). World. Retrieved September 10, 2014 and July 25, 2015, from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/countrytemplate_xx.html
  4. CIA. (2014). World. Retrieved September 10, 2014 and July 25, 2015, from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/countrytemplate_xx.html
  5. UNFPA. (2014). Trends in Maternal Mortality. Retrieved from https://www.unfpa.org/webdav/site/global/shared/documents/publications/2012/Trends_in_maternal_mortality_A4-1.pdf
  6. WHO. (2014). Maternal Mortality. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs348/en/
  7. WHO. (2014). Maternal Mortality. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs348/en/
  8. WHO. (2014). Maternal Mortality. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs348/en/
  9. UNFPA. (2014). Trends in Maternal Mortality. Retrieved from https://www.unfpa.org/webdav/site/global/shared/documents/publications/2012/Trends_in_maternal_mortality_A4-1.pdf
  10. UNFPA. (2014). Trends in Maternal Mortality. Retrieved from https://www.unfpa.org/webdav/site/global/shared/documents/publications/2012/Trends_in_maternal_mortality_A4-1.pdf
  11. WHO. (2014). Maternal Mortality. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs348/en/
  12. Liu, L., Johnson, H., Cousens, S., Lawn, J. E., Perin, J., Scott, S., … Child Health Epidemiology Reference Group of WHO and UNICEF. (2012). Global, regional, and national causes of child mortality: an updated systematic analysis for 2010 with time trends since 2000. The Lancet379(9832), 2151–2161. http://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(12)60560-1
  13. CIA. (2014). World. Retrieved September 10, 2014, from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/countrytemplate_xx.html
  14. CIA. (2014). World. Retrieved September 10, 2014, from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/countrytemplate_xx.html
  15. CIA. (2014). World. Retrieved September 10, 2014, from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/countrytemplate_xx.html
  16. Cousens, S., Blencowe, H., Stanton, C., Chou, D., Ahmed, S., Steinhardt, L., … Lawn, J. E. (2011). National, regional, and worldwide estimates of stillbirth rates in 2009 with trends since 1995: a systematic analysis. The Lancet377(9774), 1319–30. http://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(10)62310-0
  17. WHO. (2014). Preterm Birth. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs363/en/
  18. WHO. (2014). Preterm Birth. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs363/en/
  19. WHO. (2014). Maternal Mortality. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs348/en/
  20. CIA. (2014). World. Retrieved September 10, 2014, from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/xx.html
  21. CIA. (2014). World. Retrieved September 10, 2014, from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/countrytemplate_xx.html
  22. CIA. (2014). World. Retrieved September 10, 2014 and July 25, 2015, from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/countrytemplate_xx.html
  23. CIA. (2014). World. Retrieved September 10, 2014 and July 25, 2015, from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/countrytemplate_xx.html
  24. CIA. (2014). World. Retrieved September 10, 2014 and July 25, 2015, from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/countrytemplate_xx.html
  25. UNFPA. (2014). Trends in Maternal Mortality. Retrieved from https://www.unfpa.org/webdav/site/global/shared/documents/publications/2012/Trends_in_maternal_mortality_A4-1.pdf
  26. WHO. (2014). Maternal Mortality. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs348/en/
  27. WHO. (2014). Maternal Mortality. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs348/en/
  28. WHO. (2014). Maternal Mortality. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs348/en/
  29. UNFPA. (2014). Trends in Maternal Mortality. Retrieved from https://www.unfpa.org/webdav/site/global/shared/documents/publications/2012/Trends_in_maternal_mortality_A4-1.pdf
  30. UNFPA. (2014). Trends in Maternal Mortality. Retrieved from https://www.unfpa.org/webdav/site/global/shared/documents/publications/2012/Trends_in_maternal_mortality_A4-1.pdf
  31. WHO. (2014). Maternal Mortality. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs348/en/
  32. Liu, L., Johnson, H., Cousens, S., Lawn, J. E., Perin, J., Scott, S., … Child Health Epidemiology Reference Group of WHO and UNICEF. (2012). Global, regional, and national causes of child mortality: an updated systematic analysis for 2010 with time trends since 2000. The Lancet379(9832), 2151–2161. http://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(12)60560-1
  33. CIA. (2014). World. Retrieved September 10, 2014, from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/countrytemplate_xx.html
  34. CIA. (2014). World. Retrieved September 10, 2014, from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/countrytemplate_xx.html
  35. CIA. (2014). World. Retrieved September 10, 2014, from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/countrytemplate_xx.html
  36. Cousens, S., Blencowe, H., Stanton, C., Chou, D., Ahmed, S., Steinhardt, L., … Lawn, J. E. (2011). National, regional, and worldwide estimates of stillbirth rates in 2009 with trends since 1995: a systematic analysis. The Lancet377(9774), 1319–30. http://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(10)62310-0
  37. WHO. (2014). Preterm Birth. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs363/en/
  38. WHO. (2014). Preterm Birth. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs363/en/
  39. WHO. (2014). Maternal Mortality. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs348/en/
  40. CIA. (2014). World. Retrieved September 10, 2014, from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/xx.html
  41. CIA. (2014). World. Retrieved September 10, 2014, from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/countrytemplate_xx.html
  42. CIA. (2014). World. Retrieved September 10, 2014 and July 25, 2015, from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/countrytemplate_xx.html
  43. CIA. (2014). World. Retrieved September 10, 2014 and July 25, 2015, from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/countrytemplate_xx.html
  44. CIA. (2014). World. Retrieved September 10, 2014 and July 25, 2015, from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/countrytemplate_xx.html
  45. UNFPA. (2014). Trends in Maternal Mortality. Retrieved from https://www.unfpa.org/webdav/site/global/shared/documents/publications/2012/Trends_in_maternal_mortality_A4-1.pdf
  46. WHO. (2014). Maternal Mortality. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs348/en/
  47. WHO. (2014). Maternal Mortality. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs348/en/
  48. WHO. (2014). Maternal Mortality. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs348/en/
  49. UNFPA. (2014). Trends in Maternal Mortality. Retrieved from https://www.unfpa.org/webdav/site/global/shared/documents/publications/2012/Trends_in_maternal_mortality_A4-1.pdf
  50. UNFPA. (2014). Trends in Maternal Mortality. Retrieved from https://www.unfpa.org/webdav/site/global/shared/documents/publications/2012/Trends_in_maternal_mortality_A4-1.pdf
  51. WHO. (2014). Maternal Mortality. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs348/en/
  52. Liu, L., Johnson, H., Cousens, S., Lawn, J. E., Perin, J., Scott, S., … Child Health Epidemiology Reference Group of WHO and UNICEF. (2012). Global, regional, and national causes of child mortality: an updated systematic analysis for 2010 with time trends since 2000. The Lancet379(9832), 2151–2161. http://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(12)60560-1
  53. CIA. (2014). World. Retrieved September 10, 2014, from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/countrytemplate_xx.html
  54. CIA. (2014). World. Retrieved September 10, 2014, from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/countrytemplate_xx.html
  55. CIA. (2014). World. Retrieved September 10, 2014, from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/countrytemplate_xx.html
  56. Cousens, S., Blencowe, H., Stanton, C., Chou, D., Ahmed, S., Steinhardt, L., … Lawn, J. E. (2011). National, regional, and worldwide estimates of stillbirth rates in 2009 with trends since 1995: a systematic analysis. The Lancet377(9774), 1319–30. http://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(10)62310-0
  57. WHO. (2014). Preterm Birth. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs363/en/
  58. WHO. (2014). Preterm Birth. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs363/en/
  59. WHO. (2014). Maternal Mortality. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs348/en/
  60. CIA. (2014). World. Retrieved September 10, 2014, from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/xx.html
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