Adriana Lamačková is the Senior Legal Adviser for Europe at the Center for Reproductive Rights. Her work focuses on the protection of reproductive health and rights in Europe, with a primary focus on Central and Eastern Europe. Prior to joining the Center in 2010, she worked with the Slovak NGO Pro Choice. She also worked as a Legal Consultant at the European Roma Rights Centre and as a Legal Adviser at the Office of the Slovak Government. Adriana received a Master of Laws from the Law Faculty at University of P. J. Šafárik in Slovakia. She also holds an LL.M. from the University of Toronto, and Ph.D. in International Law and Constitutional Law from Charles University in Prague.
Alberta Bacci, M.D.
Dr Alberta Bacci, Obstetrician Gynecologist, worked in different maternity hospitals in Italy since 1976. From 1987 she worked 4 years in Maputo Central Hospital, Republic of Mozambique. From 2001 to 2011 she was regional coordinator for the Making Pregnancy Safer programme in WHO Regional Office for Europe. Since May 2011 she works as independent consultant for mother and newborn health care, in several countries, with different UN organizations and NGOs. Her experience includesassessment of quality of care, and introduction and evaluation of maternal mortality and morbidity case reviews using WHO Beyond The Numbers approaches. She is member of the WHO Collaborating Centre for Mother and Child Health, Trieste, and faculty of the European School for Maternal, Newborn, Child and Adolescent Health, Trieste, Italy.
Alison McFadden, Ph.D.
Alison McFadden is a midwife and health researcher at the University of Dundee. She qualified as a midwife in 1981 and, after 10 years practicing as a midwife in the UK and Malawi, Central Africa, she took up a post as a Senior Lecturer in Midwifery and Women’s Health at Teesside University. During her 15 years in this post, Alison led 18 month and three-year degree Programmes of Midwifery Education and gained a Master’s degree in Education. In 2006 she studied full-time at the University of York with Professor Mary Renfrew to gain a PhD in Health Sciences. From 2010 Alison has worked in the Mother and Infant Research Unit, first at the University of York and then from 2013, at the University of Dundee. Her research interests are inequalities in maternal and infant health and nutrition with a particular focus on the experiences and support needs of women and babies from low-income and marginalised groups. She is a member of the Executive Group and co-author of three papers in the Lancet Series on Midwifery. Her contribution to the first paper in the Series: Midwifery and quality care: findings from a new evidence-informed framework for maternal and newborn care, was to review the evidence-base for the Framework for Quality Maternal and Newborn Care.
Claudia Hanson, M.D., PhD.
Claudia Hanson is a global health expert with special interest in improving health systems and health care for mothers and their newborns. She has been a member of the FIGO Safe Motherhood and Newborn Health committee since 2009 and has been one of the key initiator of the Mother-Baby friendly birthing facility initiative of FIGO. Trained as an obstetrician in Germany and France, she has further post-graduate education in international health and epidemiology and has a PhD from London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine on determinants of maternal mortality in Southern Tanzania. She has worked for 6 years in Tanzania in implementation and research to support district health systems and community interventions in the field of reproductive health and HIV/AIDS prevention, care and mitigation. Claudia is a researcher at Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden and has a honorary lectureship at London School of Hygiene and Tropical medicine. She has several research projects ongoing in East Africa to describe problems in access to care and evaluate interventions to improve uptake of services around birth. She is teaching in various MSc courses on maternal and newborn health and health systems.
Daniela Drandić has been head of the Reproductive Rights Program at RODA – Parents in Action for the past four years. She is a Canadian expat and holds a degree from the University of Toronto.
Ms. Drandić has organised conferences and public actions in the field of reproductive rights as they pertain to pregnancy and birth, and has successfully lobbied for changes in the maternal care system in Croatia, including the foundation of the Mother Friendly Hospital Initiative Working Group at UNICEF Croatia. She is a consumer representative at the Croatian Cochrane Centre and Country Representative for Croatia at Human Rights in Childbirth. Ms. Drandić compiled maternity hospital statistics for the website http://rodilista.roda.hr and will continue to work tirelessly to ensure that all women in Croatia have access to respectful, dignified and evidence-based care regardless of where they choose to birth.
Daniela Furtunova is an attorney at the Sofia bar association since 2007. In 2005 she joined Bulgarian Helsinki Committee, a major independent non-governmental organisation for the protection of human rights in Bulgaria. In 2006 she received her LLM at Sofia University. Currently Daniela practices as a lawyer in BHC’s Monitoring and Research Program dealing with monitoring and reporting as well as with strategic human rights litigation before the Bulgarian courts, Equality body and the European Court of Human Rights. Throughout the years Daniela has also participated in monitoring missions in closed institutions (prisons and detention facilities, institutions for children and adults with disabilities). Daniela is the Bulgarian national expert in the network European Commission on Sexual Orientation Law. Since 2011 she is a member of Association Estestveno advocating for the rights of pregnant women as well as current and future parents to give birth and raise their children in natural, thoughtful and non-violent manner.
Diana Dweik, M.D., Ph.D.
Diana Dweik, M.D., Ph.D., was born in 1976. She graduated from Faculty of Medicine, University of Szeged, Hungary in 2000. In 2003 she graduated as a health economist, and in 2008 as an English-Hungarian medical translator and interpreter. Since 2007 she has worked at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Szeged, Hungary as trainee in obstetrics and gynecology, which was interrupted for four years (2010-2013) when she was a full-time Ph.D. student. She defended her thesis titled ’Non-medical factors in the background of cesarean sections in South-East Hungary’ in 2014. She is married and has four children.
Dr. Fleur van Leeuwen, LL.M. Ph.D
Fleur van Leeuwen is a human rights professor and a mom of twin girls. She has been living and working in Istanbul, Turkey since 2009 where she is teaching at Koç University. Originally from the Netherlands, she worked for many years at the Netherlands Institute of Human Rights at Utrecht University. Fleur specialises in women’s human rights with a particular focus on reproductive rights, violence against women, and human rights in childbirth. Under the name Havva Human Rights Projects (havvahumanrights.com) she has inter alia conducted research for the UN Special Rapporteur on Violence against Women, the Dutch government, the European Commission, and various research institutes. Fleur has frequently assisted NGOs, individuals and law firms in their complaints before international human rights bodies.
Dr. Zeynep Oya Usal Kanzler
Zeynep OyaUsalKanzler (LL.M., Ph.D.) is an assistant professor in human rights at Koç University Law School in Istanbul, Turkey. She holds a law degree from Istanbul University, Turkey (1999), a Master’s degree in European and Comparative Law (LL.M.) from Maastricht University, The Netherlands (2002) as well as a PhD degree in European Law from Istanbul University (2011). She also completed a human rights certificate program by European University Institute, Italy (2003) and conducted research at Lund University, Raoul Wallenberg Institute of Human Rights and Humanitarian law, Sweden a SvenskaInstitutet fellow (2006-2008). Before joining Koç University, Dr. UsalKanzlerworked as a lawyer at the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) in Strasbourg over three years (2008-2011). Recently, she has conducted research at the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law in Heidelberg. Besides her work at Koç, she works in expert capacity for various inter-governmental and non-governmental organizations, including the United Nations (UN) Women and the Council of Europe.
Electra Leda Koutra
Electra Leda Koutra is an Athens based lawyer specialized in human rights and criminal law. Since 2009, she leads the “Hellenic Action for Human Rights” – “Pleiades” (NGO) and is involved in activism and strategic litigation, currently representing hundreds of Applicants in front of the ECtHR. Besides Law, she has studied psychology, system dynamics and theatre. She is also a published poet, has had several exhibitions of her paintings and has been involved in acting. Being herself a mom who gave birth naturally in the country with the highest caesarean rates globally, she has attempted, among other human rights quests, to sensitize the public on human rights in childbirth, and to initiate proceedings related to homebirth in front of supra-national bodies.
Elena Ateva is a human rights attorney and an activist for women’s rights in childbirth. She co-founded a non-profit organization in Bulgaria in 2009 to advocate for human rights in childbirth. In 2014, she joined Human Rights in Childbirth as an Eastern Europe Legal Advocacy Coordinator and later as a member of the Board of Directors. Previously, she has worked on domestic violence and trafficking in women issues in Bulgaria and the United States. Elena has worked on national human rights education campaigns in Bulgaria, focusing on the right to informed consent, the right not to be separated from your baby, and the right to privacy and respect during childbirth. She is particularly interested in utilizing UN human rights mechanisms for the protection and full realization of women’s rights in childbirth.
Erika Schmidt, M.A.
Erika Schmidt is a mother of three, activist, educator and lecturer, and a member and colleague of BirthHouse Association Hungary since 2011. She actively participated in the Hungarian homebirth movement, as well as in the “Justice for Agnes Geréb” campaign. At present, she is the director of the “Birthing Justice – Culturally appropriate, woman-centered maternity care in Hungary” projec of the Associatio, and also responsible for international relations.
Felicia Vincze, MSc Physics, MSc Midwifery
Felicia Vincze has an MSc in Physics (University of Szeged, Hungary, 1996) and an MSc in Midwifery (Midwives College of Utah, USA, 2009). After giving birth to five childern in Hungary, she she had her sixth child with the help of independent midwives in Canada. The experience changed her life, she enrolled to a midwifery program at MCU and moved to the USA. She worked with out-of-hospital midwives in Indiana and in a birth center in Texas. She had her seventh child at home and moved back to Hungary in 2009. She joined the local midwives associations and started working with the ministry on the legislation of homebirth. In 2012 she became the first legally lisenced midwife in Hungary. She attends homebirths, opened a birth center and occasionally works in hospital as a midwife or doula. She teaches at Semmelweis University, Hungary and at MCU, USA.
Imre Szebik, M.D., Ph.D., MSc.
Imre Szebik received his MD (1991), PhD(2004) and MSc in health care management (2008) from Semmelweis University of Medicine,Budapest, Hungary and his M.Sc. Specialization in Bioethics from McGill University (1999). He worked with the Biomedical Ethics Unit at McGill in 1997 1998 and 1999-2000 as a post-doctoral fellow. He was a post-doctoral fellow in clinical ethics at M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas in 1998-1999. He works as a research associate at the Institute of Behavioural Sciences of Semmelweis Medical University. In 2014 a survey was conducted among Hungarian women regarding their preferences and satisfaction with birth care. Imre Szebik will discuss some of the results of this survey, he will focus on issues of informed consent and overuse of care in obstetric care.
Ivana Zanze is one of the creators of RODA’s Breastfeeding Support and Protection Program and since 2003 has been a RODA Peer Breastfeeding Counselor.
She is a member of the Breastfeeding Protection and Promotion Committee at the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Croatia, is a member of the Coordinating Committee of the Zagreb – Breastfeeding Friendly City Program and is an evaluator in the UNICEF Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative Program. Alongside Breastfeeding she is actively included in all of RODA’s activities including human rights protection. Through her years of work she has actively participated in numerous advocacy campaigns and initiatives and working groups for the preparation of strategies and legal initiatives. She is the Executive Director of RODA and the director of RODA’s social enterprise, Rodin let LLC.
Jane Stojanovic, RM, RGON, MA, PhD
Jane Stojanovic is a practising midwife from New Zealand. She has had many roles in hospital and as a self-employed midwife attending her clients in hospital and at home-birth. After 10 years lecturing in midwifery at Massey University she has returned to clinical midwifery, managing a small rural midwifery led maternity facility. Her main interests include midwifery history, and the birth of the placenta, topics that were the focus of her midwifery doctorate. She has been actively involved in the changes that returned autonomy to the midwifery profession in New Zealand in 1990 and is an appointed midwife member of the New Zealand Health Practitioner Disciplinary Tribunal. She is passionate about autonomy and human rights in childbirth for women, and also for midwives.
Janka Debrecéniová holds a law degree from the University of MatejBel in Banská Bystrica, Slovakia, a Magister Juris in European and Comparative Law degree from the University of Oxford, and a PhD degree from the Trnava University in Trnava, Slovakia. From 2000, she has been working for Citizen, Democracy and Accountability (www.odz.sk), an NGO based in Slovakia, as a legal expert, trainer and analyst, and from 2009 also as the Deputy Directress. She has been actively involved in many legislative and policy initiatives in the field of non-discrimination and the human rights of women. For example, she was a member (in 2007-2008) of a governmental committee that drafted a significant amendment to the Anti-Discrimination Act, and she later contributed to further legislative changes relating to this act. She has also been actively involved in various advocacy activities concerning reproductive rights of women, including in childbirth.
Jette Aaroe Clausen
Jette Aaroe Clausen has a back ground in midwifery. Jette is currently a senior lecturer in Midwifery at Metropolitan University College, Department of Midwifery, Copenhagen, Denmark. Her areas of interest is medicalization, iatrogenic effects, place of birth and woman’s Involvement in decision making and legal issues. Jette is also engaged in international work on human rights issues in maternity care with a special focus on European maternity care practices. Jette completed her Ph.D. at the Center for STS Studies, Faculty of Art, Aarhus University under the topic: How does materiality shape childbirth practices? An exploratory journey into evidence, childbirth practices and Science and Technology Studies (STS). The point of departure is a non-essentialist take on technology which means that technology should be studied in practice. She explored the relationship between technology in use in everyday birthing practices and the knowledge developed in randomized trials. She used empirical studies, interviews and field study as her methodology. Jette has also worked with quantitative research i.e. she is one of the authors of a Cochrane meta-analysis on Planned hospital birth versus planned home birth. She is currently engaged in research on the side-effects to off-label use of medication, with a special emphasis on Misoprostol used for induction of labor.
Kateřina Červená is lawyer in League of Human Rights (NGO) which deals with patients´ rights. In the past she lead a free legal counseling office called Fair Hospital. Now she is specializes on topic of the unlawful sterilization of Romany women. She defended her Ph.D. thesis about complaint mechanism for patients.
Political Activism Coordinator - Germany
Katharina has been the scientific advisor of a number of birth related initiatives in Italy and Germany since she started to get involved with the Italian VBAC movement in 2008: As there was a lack of information, she started to study midwifery and general obstetrics books, researched c-section suturing techniques, investigated birth practices and pregnancy myths, attended conferences and explained her findings to others in understandable language. And she basically has never stopped doing this ever since. Her professional life includes a state examined teaching degree and teaching literature and modern languages. She obtained a PhD in Romance Philology within thetri-national doctoral school “Italianistica” of the Universities of Bonn (Germany), Florence (Italy) and Paris IV Sorbonne(France). This work led to a book on homosexual love poetry in late Renaissance Italy. The German birth advocacy community knows her as the „walking wiki“ and the one to be asked when numbers and stats are needed. In 2013, she started the Roses Revolution against obstetric violence in Germany. Having moved back and forth between Italy and her native Germany for 10 years, she is settled in Germany now and enjoys life with her three sons and an amazing husband.
Leah Hoctor, JD, LL.M.
Leah Hoctor joined the Center for Reproductive Rights in November 2014 and leads the Center’s Europe Programme, directing the Center’s litigation, advocacy and policy work in Europe. Before joining the Center Leah was a Senior Legal Advisor with the International Commission of Jurists (ICJ), where she established and led the ICJ’s inaugural Women’s Human Rights Programme. In that role she managed in-country and cross-regional projects in Africa, Asia and Europe on women’s access to justice and women in the judiciary, provided third-party support for litigation and directed ICJ’s legal and policy advocacy on a wide range of women’s human rights issues. Leah received her law degree from University College Dublin, Ireland and Masters degree (LL.M.) in International Human Rights Law from the University of Lund, Sweden (Raoul Wallenberg Institute).
Marie-Clare currently works as a research assistant in the Midwifery department at the University of Central Lancashire, UK. Marie-Clare’s background is in History and Women’s Studies. She has worked as a lecturer and an academic and community based researcher. Her research interests are; migrant women’s experiences of maternity care and childbirth in the UK and Europe, social support, and historicaland socio-cultural perspectives on women’s health particularly menopause. Her current research focuses on the experiences of asylum seeking and refugee women and social support for marginalised women. She is grant manager for COST Action IS1405 and on the steering committee for Babies Born Better European survey.
Mary C. Zwart
Mary is a midwife, educated in the Netherlands and practicing since 1969. She became a nurse in 1971 and has been taught midwifery since 1973. Mary remained in practice until 1996 in the Netherlands as a primary, liberal professional. Mary has been an International speaker at ICM, Midwifery Today and many international conferences. She remains involved in reintroducing the midwifery model of care in Brasil, Uruguay and Argentina and in Eastern Europe. Since 2008 she has offered homebirth midwifery service to women in Portugal and in 2015 will be opening the first birth center in Portugal. She has attended over 4000 births.
Marzia Lazzerini, M.D., PhD., MSc.
Dr. Marzia Lazzerini is the director of the WHO Collaborating Centre for Maternal and Child Health of Trieste (WHO CC) since year 2011. She did join the WHO CC as a medical student, in 1996. Until year 2011, before moving full time to research, she has been working as a paediatrician in a third level hospital in Italy, as well as in low and middle income countries (Angola, Brazil, Mexico). In 2004, after a Diploma in Tropical Medicine and Hygiene at the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, she joined the Cochrane Collaboration, and since then she has been quite active in the area of evidence synthesis. In 2006 she attended a MSc in Methods of Clinical Research with the Cochrane Centre, and in 2009 she obtained a PhD in Clinical Research in Paediatrics, on a randomised controlled study later published in the JAMA.
During time she has accumulated field experience in Sub-Saharan Africa (Angola, Malawi, Tanzania, Kenya, Mozambique, Eritrea), South America (Mexico, Brazil), South East Asia (Sri Lanka), as well as large experience in the WHO European Region (Georgia, Ukraine, Moldova, Kosovo Region, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan).
Her actual main area of interest in maternal and child international health include quality of care and respect of rights of children and mothers. As a director of the WHO CC she has coordinated in the last years the technical updated of standard based assessment tool for evaluating and improving the quality of hospital care for mothers, newborns and children, as well as the development of evidence-based training packages in perinatal health. In collaboration with WHO and other agencies such as UNICEF she is coordinating clinical trials in the area of Quality of Care in Mozambique and Sri Lanka.
Miglena became a passionate birth activist after the homebirth of her first son in 2008. In 2009 she was part of the group of women who created Bulgaria’s only NGO supporting women rights in childbirth – Rodilnitza – and since then is actively participating in campaigns for humanizing hospital birth and informing the society on women’s rights to chose how, where and with whom they will birth, including the option for homebirth. In 2010 she completed successfully a national training as volunteer breastfeeding consultant and is providing free of charge breastfeeding support to new mothers ever since. In 2011 she passed a DONA International doula training and is currently in her certification process. Her latest involvements were to support the pan-European BBB study by translating and promoting it (reaching a third best rate of answers) and translating the Microbirth movie for a screening at Bulgarians Midlives gathering in November 2014. In the meantime she continues working on Rodilnitza’s annual campaign for stopping violence against women in childbirth and elaborating a strategy for improving maternity healthcare services.
Milan Stanojević, M.D.
Milan Stanojević has been Head of the Neonatology Department at Sveti Duh Clinical Hospital since 2007. He teaches graduate and postgraduate programs at the University of Zagreb Medical School including Obstetrics and Gynecology, Basic Course on Ultrasonography in Croatian and English, Fetal and neonatal neurophysiology, fetal behavior. Dr Stanojević was Secretary General of the World Association of Perinatal Medicine from 2007 to 2011 and served as vice-president (2011) and president-elect (since 2013) of WAPM. Since 2008 he has been a fellow of the International Academy of Perinatal Medicine and since 2014 has been a regular fellow of the IAPM. In 2011, Dr. Stanojević was awarded the William Liley Medal by the Fetus as a Patient Society and received the Ladislav Rakovac Award from the Croatian Medical Association in 2008.
Dr. Stanojević has published 253 papers, has contributed to books and been editor, participates on the editorial boards of two journals and is a reviewer for ten journals. He is National Coordinator for training programs at UNICEF Office for Croatia and has been involved in the Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative for the past 20 years.
Natalie Sedlická, MSc.
Natalie Sedlická, MSc., is a midwife, providing women with complex care throughout the whole period of pregnancy and childbirth. She has studied midwifery at the Masarykian University in Brno with her final thesis being a comparative study of Czech and Dutch perinatal systems of care. She went the to Netherlands for continuing studies, where she also gave birth to her son Mathias. She has further studied psychotherapy, traditional Chinese medicine and shiatsu. Her thesis on psychotherapy focused on birth trauma and coping with it. She has completed Master of Science in Midwifery at the Glasgow Caledonian University with a dissertation on factors determining the quality of childbirth practices in the Czech Republic. She initiated and is a guarantor of a project Jak jinak (another way – in Czech birth care) in order to start building improvements into the Czech system of perinatal care.
Nicholas Rubashkin, M.D., M.A.
Nicholas Rubashkin, M.D., M.A. obtained his MD and MA (Anthropology) from Stanford University and is an obstetrician of Hungarian descent who was born at home. Most recently, he was a visiting scholar at the Institute of Behavioural Sciences at Semmelweis University in Budapest, where he and his team surveyed Hungarian women regarding their preferences and satisfaction with birth care. The survey focuses on many issues particular to maternity care in Central/Eastern Europe, such as informal cash payments. In December 2013 Nick returned to hospital work in San Francisco, California and is currently applying to graduate research fellowships. He is also a board member of the organisation Human Rights in Childbirth.
Nick Thorpe is a writer and BBC journalist, born (at home) in Upnor, England in 1960. He studied modern languages in England, Germany and West Africa. He has lived in Budapest since 1986, and reported on the fall of Communism throughout eastern Europe and the break-up of Yugoslavia for the BBC, Observer, Guardian and Independent newspapers. He has been Central Europe Correspondent for the BBC since 1996. He is also the author of 2 books The Danube – A Journey Upriver from the Black Sea to the Black Forest (2013) and 1989 – The Unfinished Revolution (2009), 9 documentaries and 1 short feature film, Vigilance about birth and war. With his wife Andrea he has 5 sons, all born at home in Budapest. Since 1992 he has taken part in the campaign for gentler, safer birth care in Hungary, for the legalization of home-birth, and for the defense of the independent Hungarian midwife, Agnes Gereb.
Rajat Khosla presently works as Human Rights Adviser for Department of Reproductive Health Research at the World Health Organisation. He is a lawyer by training and specialises on issues related to sexual and reproductive health and human rights. Previously he worked with UN agencies and others on ICPD+20 review process and post 2015 MDGs discussions. He used to work as the health policy advisor with Amnesty International. In this capacity he provided research guidance and policy support on a variety of health and human right issues, in particular around maternal health and sexual and reproductive rights and HIV.
Rita Bence is a lawyer at the Hungarian Civil Liberties Union. She has been engaged in the protection of the patients’ rights and is highly interested in health care and public health systems. She is also deeply concerned about the issue of giving birth and home birth as this is a core issue of self-determination in health care. She is engaged in reducing the inequalities in health care within all legal and non-legal measures. Her interest in health care formed in the very early years of her university studies. She has also worked in the state sector dealing with patients’ rights, patients’ safety and public health. She has been with HCLU since September 2012 as the Director of Patients’ Rights and Self-determination Rights Program.
Stefánia Kapronczay graduated cum laude from the Faculty of Law at ELTE as a lawyer, and has also completed a five-year master program in sociology in 2010. Kapronczay started working at the HCLU in 2005 and she was the Head of the Patients’ Rights Program from March 2008 to August 2012. As program director Kapronczay lead HCLU’s effort to stop restrictions on reproductive rights, criminalization of homelessness and foster the rights of persons with disabilities. Between August 2012 and July 2013 she was a scholar at Stanford University, attending courses on human rights and public interest work and graduating as Master of the Science of Law. Kapronczay was elected as the Executive Director of the HCLU in July, 2013. She was elected as the co-chair of INCLO in May, 2014.
Volha Kusmierska is a young active Belorussian midwife. When Volha finished college and started her first serious job as a midwife she didn’t feel satisfied with the quality of service the hospital was providing to the women that were about to give birth. She also felt that she didn’t want herself to give birth in such conditions. In 2009, Volha took part in workshops run by Polish specialists (childbirth educators, midwifes and doctors). Those people, mainly from the Polish Childbirth with Dignity Foundation, showed everyone the way how we can do something about the quality of childbirth services in Belarus. From then, Volha started actively educating women and couples about childbirth and topics connected to childbirth. With her husband, she started running birth courses in Belarus, taking part in home births, and also working a lot through her website. After she met Michel Odent and took part in a of few his courses, she became a big supporter of doulas. She had experienced her own births in two countries (Poland and the UK) and worked in Belarus as a midwife. Right now she is concentrating all her strength towards creating an association or foundation for supporting women’s rights in Belarus.
Zalka Drglin, Ph.D.
Zalka earned her Ph.D. in Women’s studies and feminist theory and is a cultural sociologist and researcher at National Institute of Public Health in Slovenia. She is an active member of Natural Beginnings Society, dedicated to improvement in maternity care on national level. She is a Transactional Analysis Consulter working on birth trauma, depression, anxiety. Zalka writes books, papers in scientific journals and articles for users, gives presentations on conferences and lectures to students, health professionals and pregnant women and others interested.
Zuzana Candigliota is an attorney at law and lawyer at the League of Human Rights (www.llp.cz). She is engaged in medical law, the rights of women and children related to childbirth, and parents’ right to freely decide about vaccination. As a member of the legal team, she is involved in the application of Mrs. Dubská against the Czech Republic. She has a blog on topics of her interest (in Czech) – http://candigliota.blog.respekt.ihned.cz.
Zuzana is a cofounder and current chairwoman of Slovak NGO Ženské kruhy (Women’s circles). She studied financial management and has PhD. in accounting. After her first pregnancy and childbirth she became passionate about natural childbirth and later about human rights in childbirth which lead to complete switch in her career. In her work for Ženské kruhy she is focused on disrespect and abuse in childbirth. She believes that every doctor, every midwife or nurse are capable to provide respectful maternity care. In her future work she wants to address the “victim blaming” phenomenon between childbirth providers, doulas and activists.